Energy Subsidies in the Arab World [English][Arabic]. 2012
A Human Rights-Based Approach to Development Programming in UNDP – Adding the Missing Link [English]. 2000
This note touches upon both the normative and operational aspects of a human rights-based approach to development programming and attempts to deal with the why, what, how and when questions.
Afghanistan - Human Development Report - Security with a Human Face [English]. 2004
This report uses a human security lens to look at the linkages between safety, dignity and livelihoods. It argues that while many gains have been made in the past two years, the country could still fall into a cycle of conflict and instability unless the genuine grievances of people – the lack of jobs, health, education, income, dignity, opportunities for participation, etc. – are dealt with adequately. The report analyses the local roots of insecurity today, and makes recommendations for policies and actions required from the new Afghan Government, civil society and the international community.
Algeria - Human Development Report 1998 [English]. 1998
Poverty and Employment.
Algeria - Human Development Report 2006 [French]. 2006
The report presents recent trends in the Human Development Index (HDI) and its various components. It also presents and comments upon other related indices, such as the Poverty Index, the Gender-related Development Index (GDI), and the Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM). The second part of the report is devoted to the question of employment, a central issue for public policy today. Past experience and perspectives favoring growth give rise to reflections about creating decent jobs for the largest number of people.
Arab Human Development Report 2002 [English][Arabic][French]. 2002
"Creating Opportunities for Future Generations." The Report challenged the Arab world to overcome three deficits: the freedom deficit, women’s empowerment, and the knowledge deficit. This report, the first regional HDR for the Arab States, covers 22 countries from the Maghreb to the Gulf.
Arab Human Development Report 2003 [English][Arabic]. 2003
Building a Knowledge Society - Building a Knowledge Society: Despite the presence of significant human capital in the region, many constraints, including governance, hamper the acquisition, diffusion and production of knowledge in Arab societies. The Report affirms that knowledge can help the region to expand the scope of human freedoms, enhance the capacity to guarantee those freedoms through better governance, and achieve the higher moral human goals of justice and human dignity. It also underlines the importance of knowledge to Arab countries as a powerful driver of economic growth through higher productivity.
Arab Human Development Report 2004 [English][Arabic]. 2004
"Towards Freedom in the Arab World." The report focuses on the deficit of freedom and good governance and calls for far-reaching legal and political reforms.
Arab Human Development Report 2005 [English][Arabic][French]. 2005
"Towards the Rise of Women in the Arab World," The report presents a compelling argument as to why realising the full potential of Arab women is an indispensable pre-requisite for development in all Arab states
Arab Human Development Report 2009 [English][Arabic][French]. 2009
"Challenges to human security in the Arab countries" is the fifth volume in the series of Arab Human Development Reports sponsored by the United Nations Development Programme and independently authored by intellectuals and scholars from Arab countries. The report argues that human security is a prerequisite for human development, and that the widespread absence of human security in Arab countries undermines people’s options.
Arab Human Development Report 2009 – Youth forum synthesis report [English][Arabic]. 2008
Arab Spring: Demographics in a region in transition [English][Arabic]. 2013
Argentina - Sub-National Human Development Report - Human Security in the Province of Buenos Aires [English]. 1998
Links to the UNDP Country Office and/or Regional Bureau responsible for this Human Development Report
Bahrain - Human Development Report 2000 [English]. 2000
Achievements and Challenges of Human Development. This Report, Bahrain's first National Human Development Report reviews the macro and sectoral economic achievements and their relationships to issues of development, human resource development and labour productivity.
Bahrain - Human Development Report 2001 [Arabic]. 2001
Labor market, education and the challenges of human development.
Bolivia - General Human Development Report [English]. 1995
This report defined Human Security as a human condition free of hunger, fear, illness, crime and violence. It requires tolerance and quality of life in every day life, at home, in the work place and in the environment but it requires sufficient income earned with dignity. In this sense Human Security deals with social exclusion and poverty, with equity and inclusive economic development and above all with the quality of the social fabric.
Capacity Development for Sustainable Human Development: Conceptual and Operational Signposts [English]. 1995
The main purpose of this document is to provide a common basis for building UNDP's substantive capacity to support national capacity development for sustainable human development.
Chile - Paradoxes of Modernity: Human Security [English].
This report covers the theme of Human Security in an in-depth way using various methods of measuring this field.
Civil Service for Sustainable Human Development in Jordan [English]. 1999
This paper reviews civil service and public administration reforms for sustainable human development, and related concepts and issues.
Comoros – Human Development Report 2006 [French]. 2006
This Report “Gender and Human Development” shows that the Comorian society demonstrates a rather undeniable momentum for a new social organization where women are on equal terms with men. But in the process, the risks of disruption and even regression remain quite possible. These potential impediments must be taken into the utmost account. The report also shows that it is women education and training that constitute the most important factors towards the elimination, or at least the substantial reduction, of the gender gap.
Decentralization and Human Development: Findings and Recommendations from a Review of National Human Development Reports [English]. 2006
This study addresses decentralization in specific countries and communities from a human development perspective. The study also offers a summary of general findings and recommendations striving to improve the effectiveness of human development-based decentralization processes and policy analysis.
Democratization with Inclusion - Political Reforms and People’s Empowerment at the Grassroots [English]. 2003
This is a background paper for the Human Development Report 2003. The paper identifies the range of political reforms that gained momentum in recent years and examines how these have worked in practice, and the conditions that tend to enhance (or undermine) their constructive potential; and focuses on actions that might strengthen that potential and issues that need to be addressed as well as on supportive initiatives, conditions and coalitions that could make a difference.
Demographic Change in the Arab Countries: Prospects for Future - 2009 [English]. 2008
This paper summarizes the programme of action adopted on the International Conference on Population and Development held in Cairo in 1994. It stresses that population policies should constitute an integral part of the overall issue of development; that raising fertility rates had taken on a qualitative dimension related to the economic, social and educational status of women and men just as it was related to the level of human development and to the level of poverty; and that demographic changes bore a well-established reciprocal relationship to development.
Djibouti - Human Development Report 2000 [English]. 2000
This report presents a basic panoramic picture of Djibouti's socio-economic conditions
Djibouti - Human Development Report 2004 [French]. 2004
Gender as a key to achieving the MDG's - stands out as a provocative report that treats subjects e.g. genital mutilation, drug abuse (Khat), HIV/AIDS which are subjects taboo. It capitalizes on the Millennium Development Goal dissemination strategy which strives to facilitate and encourage the participation of those who plead for gender equality and women's rights.
Djibouti – Human Development Report 2007 [French]. 2007
"Adequation, Training and Employment: Dimension for Human Development" Djibouti's third national Human Development Report tackles the issues of training and employments that are in the core of the human development objective and the MDG goals. This report contributes in improvement national development strategies of employment that will guide government efforts with all its partners for essential human satisfactions with a better life.
Economic and Social Repercussions of the Israeli Occupation – Facts and Figures [English]. 2008
The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA) monitors the social and economic conditions in the occupied Palestinian territory and, at the request of the Economic and Social Council and the General Assembly, prepares the Secretary-General’s “Report on the economic and social repercussions of the Israeli occupation on the living conditions of the Palestinian people in the occupied Palestinian territory, including East Jerusalem, and the Arab population in the occupied Syrian Golan”. By highlighting the relevant facts and figures, this brochure illustrates the adverse conditions faced by both Palestinians residing in the occupied Palestinian territory, including East Jerusalem and the Arab population in the Occupied Syrian Golan.
Egypt - Human Development Report 1994 [English]. 1994
The Concept and Measurement of Human Development as Participatory Process. The Report introduces the concept and measurements in addition to an assessment of the status of human development (HD) in Egypt. The Report gives guidelines on how the concept of HD can be operationalized in Egypt and attempts to explain the low level of HD in Egypt and find solutions to improve its position.
Egypt - Human Development Report 1995 [English]. 1995
Human Development Report on Participation and Gender. The Report focuses on the concept of human development as a participatory process in Egypt.
Egypt - Human Development Report 1997 - 1998 [English]. 1997
The fourth annual report 1997-1998 probes into one of the major issues: namely how to achieve a balanced human development. The report analyzes the inter and intra sector allocation of budget resources. It also examines household spending on social services and draws detailed data of the government budget and special field survey of household patterns of social expenditure.
Egypt - Human Development Report 1998-1999 [English]. 1999
Human Development Report on Education - The report tackled education from the human development perspective stating that one of the main reasons behind selecting this theme is that education plays a critical role, not only in laying out and enlarging the base for human capital in any given country, but also in the redistribution of human wealth, and can be considered the most important, if not the only, asset for the poor. The Report further reveals that the human development approach emphasizes that people's ability to read and write, be knowledgeable, capable and healthy should be considered as ends in themselves, with positive effects on labor productivity, physical environment and reduced poverty as welcomed consequences. It further indicates that human development sees education as a value in itself and as a means.
Egypt - Human Development Report 2000 - 2001 [English]. 2001
Globalization and Human Development - the report conceptualizes and then explores opportunities and threats posed by globalization, including an assessment of the Egyptians’ economic well-being in a globalized world.
Egypt - Human Development Report 2002 - 2003 [English]. 2003
Local Participatory Development.
Egypt - Human Development Report 2004 [English][Arabic]. 2004
Choosing Decentralization for Good Governance. The Report covers a number of main issues, political, administrative and fiscal decentralization, local governance, private sector participation, voice of the poor, civil service reform, and capacity building
Egypt - Human Development Report 2005 [English][Arabic]. 2005
Choosing our Future: Toward a New Social Contract - whereby the state encourages further political, social and economic participation from civil society: by extending and integrating institutions that promote democratic practices and are accountable; by raising the quality of public goods and their delivery; and by developing policies that encourage private sector participation in development without adverse distributional effects in between-group share of overall wealth and a cultural and behavioural change such that the values of participation, entrepreneurship, innovation and transparency can prevail. This will require the creation and public dissemination of codes of conduct and accountability for public services, well-designed policies and programs for those basic public institutions that help shape values - schools and the media - the systematic public rewarding of independent thought, tolerance and social responsibility, and the promotion of gender equity.
Egypt - Human Development Report 2008 [English][Arabic]. 2008
The purpose of this report "Egypt’s Social Contract: The Role of Civil Society " has been to distill the knowledge built up nationally and internationally on core issues impacting Egypt’s human development, with topics ranging from decentralization and poverty to a new and more inclusive social contract between state and citizens.
Egypt - Human Development Report 2010 [English][Arabic]. 2010
The Egyptian Human Development Report 2010 entitled “Youth in Egypt: Building our Future” is the 11th volume in the series of Egyptian Human Development Reports. The Report focuses on the vital issue of youth in Egypt: their aspirations, the opportunities available to them, the challenges they face in realizing their personal goals, and their potential to contribute to human development in Egypt.
Egypt- Human Development Report 1996 [English]. 1996
The report is largely concerned with the problem of poverty and income distribution. The authors analyze the human development process in Egypt by considering the impact of different reform policies on socio-economic variables with a focus on the Economic Reform and Structural Adjustment Program (ERSAP). In addition, the report describes the specially tailored Semi-Participatory Assessment Survey (SPAS), which focused on exploring people's perceptions regarding living conditions, as well as attempting to understand their behavior and attitudes. The report finds that poverty changes in Egypt are highly sensitive to economic growth. Economic growth would enlarge the opportunities for the poor to enjoy the benefits of increases in output. Hence, the report concludes, poverty reduction requires enhanced growth.
Energy and Arab Economic Development [English]. 2012
Guinea - Human Security and Promotion of Human Development [English]. 1999
HDR Toolkit for National and Regional Human Development Report Teams [English][Arabic].
This Toolkit is intended as a reference for all who are involved in the preparation of Human Development Reports (HDRs). It is a practical handbook, with clear suggestions for action and specific examples, along with tools for guidance and support.
Honduras - Report on the Pillars of Human Security and Participation [English].
Human Development in Libya [English]. 2006
The paper presents an analysis of the Libyan human development model. It examines the nature of human development, explores the human developmental achievements in four sectors; education, health, quality of life and women’s participation in Libya’s social and economic life.
Human Development Report 1998 - 1999 [English]. 2000
The Report focuses on education from the human development perspective on the understanding that it plays a critical role in laying out and enlarging the base for human capital in any given country and in the redistribution of human wealth, and hence could be considered the most important asset for the poor.
Human Development Report 1999 [French]. 1999
The first report, prepared with support from the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), provides an understanding of Tunisia's progress over the last ten year related to the promotion of human resources, distribution of benefits generated by growth and the conditions of living of its people.
Human Development Report 2007 [English]. 2007
Le present rapport dont le theme est que le developpement territorial offre une vision du developpement humain avec la tentative de calculer l'indicateur de developpement humain (IDH) a un niveau regional. Les indicateurs du developpement humain sont calcules non seulement au niveau national global, mais egalement a une echelle plus fine, ciblant les regions a travers les statistiques nationales d'une part, et d'une autre relative a la desagregation de l'IDH pour le ramener a l'eau echelle des territoires.
Human Development Report Toolkit for National and Regional Human Development Report Teams [English][French]. 2006
Practical Guidelines, Examples and Resources for Achieving Excellence in Human Development Reports
Human Security Framework and National Human Development Reports [English]. 2006
A Review of Experiences and Current Debates. National Human Development Report Series: Occasional Paper 5.
India - The Madhya Pradesh Human Development Report 1998 [English]. 1998
This report focuses on livelihood security and empowerment. It aims at increasing transparency and depth in the presentation of district-level information and strengthening the available information on human development.
Indicators for Human Rights Based Approaches to Development in UNDP Programming: A Users’ Guide [English]. 2006
The Guide summarizes the normative evolution in human rights and explains how human rights have been mainstreamed into the activities of all United Nations (UN) agencies. It also reviews the existing indicators for human rights and shows how they can be used for human rights programming.
Indicators for Monitoring the Millennium Development Goal [English]. 2003
The present handbook provides guidance on the definitions, rationale, concepts and sources of data for each of the indicators that are being used to monitor the goals and targets of the Millennium Development Goals. It expands on an earlier exercise to provide the metadata for the socio-economic indicators that make up the United Nations Common Country Assessment Indicator Framework.
International Migration and Development in the Arab Region: Challenges and Opportunities [English]. 2007
This is the third issue of Population and Development Report- a series of analytical reports published biennially by the Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA). This Report adopted an analytical methodology supported by statistical data to describe the trends, patterns and tendencies that characterize international migration in Arab countries and identify the challenges and opportunities that international migration presents in the development context.
Iraq - Human Development Report 1995 [English]. 1995
In the Iraq HDR, the single reference to ethnic minorities is a quotation from the constitution guaranteeing equality before the law for all. The Iraq HDR does an excellent job of tracking changes in the workforce, population, and education levels over time. The report included an array of socio-economic indicators, most of them covering the period 1987-1993 and collected through a household survey conducted by the Central Statistical Organization of the Planning Commission in 1993. These indicators clearly showed a deteriorating status of human development in the country, compared with the situation that was prevailing before the 1990-1991 Gulf Crisis. The document reported a decline of Gross Domestic Product per capita from over US$3,500 in 1990 to US$761 in 1993.
Jordan - Arab Human Development Report 2011 [English]. 2011
The report highlights the essential role played by micro, small and medium enterprises in the promotion of human development in the country, and through four main pillars, namely economic growth, that is inclusive and pro-poor, social progress, participation, empowerment throw micro finance, and environmental sustainability. The report consists of eight chapters dealing with: the concept of human development through small and medium enterprises, human development in Jordan, economic growth, social progress, empowerment, the role of microfinance to empower less advantaged groups, and a chapter on sustainable development.
Jordan - Human Development Report 2000 [English]. 2000
Human Development Report on Youth. This Report, Jordan's first National Human Development Report, focuses on the condition and role of young people in the country, arguing that the capacity of young Jordanians to contribute to national development and to compete in the global economy will determine whether Jordan remains a low middle income country or joins the ranks of the world's advanced economies.
Jordan - Human Development Report 2004 [English][Arabic]. 2004
Building sustainable livelihoods, is Jordan’s second National Human Development Report. The report places the discussion of poverty and the poor at the centre of analysis and attempts to capture the diverse and dynamic characteristics of poverty through the eyes of the poor themselves. The theme of that report is that human development gains achieved at the macro-level in Jordan have yet to trickle down to many sub-groups among the poor. The report provides detailed recommendations to accelerate this process and to enhance positive outcomes for the poor.
Kuwait - Human Development Report 1997 [English]. 1997
Kuwait - Human Development Report 1999 [English]. 1999
The report "Empowering Human Development Within the Economic Reform Plan of the Government" does a good job of relating the concept of human development to the particularities of the Kuwaiti case. Information is provided on the size and resources of the country, population trends, and the social and economic system. Moreover, quotations from the Kuwaiti constitution clearly establish government policy priorities.
Kuwait - Human Development Report 2000 . 2000
Knowledge Society and Human Development.
Latvia - Human Security and Human Development [English]. 2003
This report focuses on defining Human Security in Latvia after the collapse of Soviet Union. The goal of this Report is to reduce the "insecurity effect" felt at the individual level. It offers practical tools and mechanisms to help people identify risks in their lives, and develop individual and collective risk management strategies as well as security-enhancing / problem-solving skills.
Lebanon - Human Development Report 1997 [English]. 1997
The report "A Profile of Sustainable Human Development in Lebanon" seeks to inform about the situation and issues involved in sustainable human development in the country. It emphasis on people as being the real wealth of a nation; its perception of human development as a process of broadening people’s choices, and enabling and equipping them to participate in decisions affecting their lives and well-being.
Lebanon - Human Development Report 1998 [English]. 1998
Youth and Development. The Report provides a national perspective of human development in the light of the experience of the past years and discusses the subject of youth and development.
Lebanon - Human Development Report 2001-2002 [English][Arabic][French]. 2002
Globalization: Towards a Lebanese Agenda. The report argues that human development is a process of expanding people's choices and capabilities. The report focuses on Lebanon's crucial "drivers" of globalization and explores how they can contribute to Lebanon's integration into the globalized world by increasing their investment in the human capital and social protection policies.
Lebanon - Human Development Report 2008, 2009 [English]. 2009
Toward a Citizen’s State is the fourth National Human Development Report (NHDR) for Lebanon. Work commenced on this current report at the end of 2005 in partnership with the Council for Development and Reconstruction (CDR). Citizenship is the primary theme of this report which addresses citizenship and the sectarian state, and the relationship of the state, its institutions, its constitution including personal status laws to citizen. It also focuses on socio-economic citizenship rights and considers social policies from the view-points of citizenship rights and comprehensive social development. In addition to that, the report looks into citizenship, culture, education and communal identities.
Lesotho - General Human Development Report . 1998
The first Human Development Report for Lesotho focuses on human security. The main findings of the report conclude that many areas of human security remain problematic.
Libya – Human Development Report 1999 [Arabic]. 1999
This is the first Libyan Human Development Report aimed at providing a comprehensive and objective analysis of development performance in Libya it focused on income distribution and overall economic efficiency. However, the report found that while there have been positive achievements in achieving greater equity in income distribution and in raising standards of living in terms of education, employment, health and housing, major challenges remain in the overall economy. These concern economic diversification, efficiency and capacity utilization.
Libya - Human Development Report 2002 [Arabic]. 2002
Decentralization This report is limited to an evaluation of the decentralization of the communities system, its importance and prospects for promoting human development.
Macedonia - Social Exclusion and Human Insecurity [English]. 2001
This Report focuses on the problem of insecurity related to unemployment, employment and the work place; social exclusion of the rural population and economic insecurity in the work force originating in the transition process, insecurity deriving from environmental threats, inter-ethnic relations, lack of personal security associated with petty crime, lack of judicial protection, insecurity in dealing with state administrative organs and legal insecurity.
Mauritania - National Report on Sustainable Human Developmen and Poverty 2005 [Arabic][French]. 2005
Mauritania - Nationall Report on Sustainable Human Development 2002 [Arabic][French]. 2002
Mauritania - UNDP Poverty Report 2000 [English]. 2000
Mauritania Assessment: Overcoming Human Poverty - Promoting Local Participation.
Measuring Human Development – A Primer [English][Arabic]. 2007
Moldova - Transition and Human Security [English]. 1999
This report tackles problems relating to human development that emerged in the 90s in Moldova due to the weakness of the young state and civil society that lead to a real threat to regional security and human rights that was created by the problem of transition. It focuses attention on key-points for the development of the Culture of Peace in Moldova and possible ways of moving towards a society with the observance of human rights, sustainable human development, and cultural diversity.
Morocco - Human Development Report 1997 [English]. 1997
The 1997 Morocco National Human Development Report "Sustainable Human Development " is divided into four sections. The principal section is looking at the economic and population context of human development as well as the impact of globalization on human development in Morocco.
Morocco - Human Development Report 1998-1999 [French]. 1999
The purpose of this report, Human Development Achievements in Rural Areas, is to show the strengths and weaknesses of efforts made in the human development process in Morocco. It demonstrates the delay of development in rural areas draws lessons and makes recommendations for accelerating this rural development.
Morocco - Human Development Report 2003 [French]. 2003
"Governance and Acceleration of Human Development" - this Human Development complements the two preceding reports with a contribution aimed at deepening the methods of apprehension and analysis of the different dimensions and outcomes of human development. Morocco's Human Development Index (HDI) reached 0.630 in 2002 and indicates by it recent progression that Morocco is positioned to make a quantitative jump in human development by attenuating the disparities among social categories and geographic zones.
Morocco - Human Development Report 2005 [English][Arabic][French]. 2005
This Report on "50 years of Human Development in Morocco and Perspectives for 2025 - The Future is Being Built and the Best is Possible" presents rich sets of databases and arguments for inspiring debate, drawing on lessons form past experience and indicating paths for development in the two coming decades. It is intended as a civic contribution, animated as much by patriotism as by the requirements of objectivity. The general report, which synthesizes the thirteen major thematic and crosscutting studies without merely summing them up, consolidates the lessons of retrospective evaluation and sketches possible futures for 2025.
Morocco - UNDP Poverty Report 2000 [English]. 2000
Morocco assessment: Overcoming Human Poverty: Regional Targeting for Poverty Reduction.
Oman - Human Development Report 2003 [English]. 2003
This is a comprehensive report aimed at identifying the weak areas of human development in the country.
Palestine - Human Development Report 1996 - 1997 [English][Arabic]. 1997
The importance of the 1997 Palestine Human Development Profile lies in the fact that it is the first report published on human development in Palestine. The Palestine Profile gives a clear idea about the nature of existing problems and helps local and international (governmental and non-governmental) development institutions in their efforts to streamline the development process. It also provides a comparable basis for development achieved in Palestinian society with development achieved in other societies around the world. It highlights certain issues and problems that require more extensive study in the future. Part I addresses population issues and the development environment in Palestine. It examines development initiatives prior to the establishment of the PNA, and external influences on them. Part II addresses human development indicators in Palestine by focusing on its three main indicators (income, educational attainment, and life expectancy at birth). Part III discusses the near future under current conditions, and presents analyses, conclusions and recommendations. Last part provides a number of appendices including statistics and definitions of terms.
Palestine - Human Development Report 1998 - 1999 [English][Arabic]. 1999
Successful planning for the interim stage and its management, and guiding performance to serve the Palestinian people effectively, called for a development policy that could operate under the restrictions of the current stage while maintaining ongoing efforts towards the establishment of the Palestinian state. Such a policy required a close observation of conditions on the ground, careful collection of data on various aspects of life, and in-depth and diligent analysis of the information gathered. It also required knowledge about the performance of Palestinian society before the establishment of the PNA, its performance under the PNA, the performance of the PNA itself, and the impact of external factors on overall performance of all actors. The Palestine Profile was divided into three main sections, and a fourth section that included the appendices. It monitored and evaluated the state of human development in Palestine and the factors impacting it, whether positively or negatively, and provided an analysis of political, social, health and economic conditions of the Palestinian people.
Palestine - Human Development Report 2002 [English][Arabic]. 2002
The report suggests effective decentralization as a model of development and governance and asserts the need for people participation as a way to achieve sustainable human development. The report covers the period of 2000 - 2001 and was support by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation.
Palestine - Human Development Report 2004 [English][Arabic]. 2004
The 2004 PHDR is an attempt to assess the various aspects of the Palestinian condition as a first step toward an integrated approach to the development of Palestinian individuals and society and to strengthen the social fabric needed to support our national liberation and development activities. To this end, each section of the report addresses these aspects from two perspectives. From the first perspective, the general Palestinian condition is assessed in order to gain an understanding of what exists, what is hoped for, and what is possible given internal and contextual challenges. The second perspective analyzes major forces influencing independence and development, such as occupation, external factors (especially international funding), and the role of Palestinian governmental organizations and NGO's. These lead to general and sector-specific recommendations for how efforts can be channeled in the most productive way possible.
Palestine - Human Development Report 2009–2010 [English][Arabic]. 2010
The Palestinian Human Development Report 2009/2010 "Investing in Human Security for a Future State" is the fifth volume in the series of Palestinian Human Development Reports. The Report begins with a presentation of traditional indicators of human development. It goes on to describe key mechanisms and processes driving fragmentation and political divisions in the OPT, explores their concrete effects on the human security of Palestinian men, women and children, and presents recommendations on how to reinforce conditions that will facilitate human security, end the occupation and assist Palestinians and the international community to create a sovereign and democratic Palestinian State.
Palestine and Human Development [Arabic]. 2005
Parliaments and Human Rights [English]. 2004
This primer explores how the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) can enhance the parliamentary contributions towards the protection, promotion and realization of human rights. It also examines how several ongoing approaches to parliamentary develo
Philippines - Peace and Conflict Prevention: Human Security [English]. 2005
This report assesses the state of human security, using human development indicators. It identifies the structural causes of the conflict in Southern Philippines and the areas of particular vulnerability to violent conflicts. The report calls for political reforms to increase stability in governance and open discussions on the role of the military in the recent political transition and its implications for political stability.
Political Reforms and Policies Enabling People’s Empowerment and Advancing Human Development - the Challenges for Latin American Countries [English]. 2003
This is a background paper of the Human Development Report 2003. The paper explores the implications for the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) based on five cases of political reforms promoting citizen participation in Latin America.
Population and Development Report – The Demographic Window: An Opportunity for Development in the Arab Countries - 2005 [English]. 2005
This report draws attention to the relationship between population and development issues and seeks to raise awareness of the challenges presented by population dynamics and demographic change. The report is divided into two parts which tackle the following issues: Demographic transition in the world and the Arab Region; trends in basic demographic indicators in the Arab region; results of demographic transition; demographic change and economic growth; demographic change and labour markets in the Arab countries; and a general framework for maximizing the benefits of the demographic window.
Population Levels, Trends and Policies in the Arab Region: Challenges and Opportunities [English][Arabic]. 2010
Qatar - Human Development Report 2006 [English]. 2006
Qatar’s first National Human Development Report offers a study of the state of human development in the country and identifies a number of challenges for the future. Some of the problems are of an economic nature such as the reliance of economic growth on oil prices, a weak private sector to lead development and the demographic issue of a small national population and low economic participation by this population. Other problems are linked to the need to upgrade potentials in the field of education and training, lack of growth of the civil society and the role of democracy as an effective system in public life. The report offers a set of policies to address these challenges in each sector within an integrated framework and comprehensive developmental perspective.
Qatar - Human Development Report 2009 [English][Arabic]. 2009
"Advancing Sustainable Development - Qatar National Vision 2030" is Qatar's second Human Development Report. The report underscores major environmental challenges that Qatar faces and that need to be appropriately resolved, particularly achieving water security, reducing carbon emissions and increasing energy efficiency, and mitigating risks that threaten the safety of the marine environment. The Report argues that assessing the severity of risks and handling required change will entail mobilizing resources, coordinating efforts and putting appropriate policy and regulatory frameworks in place. It is published by Qatar General Secretariat for Development Planning.
Qatar - Human Development Report 2012 [English]. 2012
Youth are a major human resource for development and effective agents of positive social change. Harnessing their ideals, enthusiasm and creativity, with supporting technological innovation, will greatly contribute to meeting the country's development goals. Expanding choices and opportunities and building the human capital required for advancing the country towards a diversified knowledge-based society will require greater focus, coordination and investment of resources in Qatar's youth.
Review of National Human Development Reports [English]. 1998
This review is based on the published and working drafts of the United Nations Development Programme – National Human Development Reports (NHDRs) of the region.
Saudi Arabia - Human Development Report 2003 [English]. 2003
The report discusses the health and education services of Saudi Arabia drawing attention to important achievements in the kingdom’s human development programs and explores the consequences of Saudi Arabia’s rapid population growth, which in turn necessitates wider distribution of development benefits, increased education and health services, and greater employment.
Sierra Leone - From Civil Conflict to Human Security . 1998
Somalia - Human Development Report 1998 [English]. 1998
The report covers many relevant issues such as nutrition and food security, health, gender, drug abuse and natural environment. The two central themes of the report are education and governance.
Somalia - Human Development Report 2001 . 2001
The report focuses on reconstructing and developing effective and participatory forms of governance, the reestablishment of a strong economy based on increased trade and better safeguards against the vulnerabilities of the international trading system and restoring judicial systems in the country which embrace human rights - reconciling traditional concepts with modern democratic ideals.
Somalia - Human Development Report 2012 [Arabic]. 2012
The new report – which is based on surveys conducted in more than 3,000 households in south central Somalia, Puntland and Somaliland - reveals that although the majority of Somali youth believe they have a right to be educated (82%) and a right to decent work (71%), they feel disempowered by multiple structural barriers built into the family, institutions, local government and society at–large. This lack of viable education and employment opportunities – in addition to clan and cultural prejudices – has created a high level of frustration and discontentment among young people. Therefore, radical shifts in policies and attitudes are needed in order to empower and place them at the core of the development agenda.
Structural Adjustment, Global Integration and Social Democracy [English]. 1992
This paper provides a global and integrated perspective on the adjustment process defined as increased reliance on market forces and reduced role of the state in economic management. Structural adjustment is a world-wide phenomenon with an interdependent and mutually reinforcing relationship with the globalization process.
Survey of Economic and Social Developments in the ESCWA Region 2006-2007 [English]. 2007
This year's survey sets out to examine the potential contribution of monetary and financial policy tools under conditions of a primary resource boom in order to promote employment creation and a more equitable distribution of income by articulating a new pro-poor and rightsbased development strategy in the region in which the interest of all agents are served. This aspect of this Survey is closely related to and supplements last year’s Survey in which development polices were discussed under the heading of the right to development.
Survey of Economic and Social Developments in the ESCWA Region 2007-2008 [English][Arabic]. 2008
This year’s Survey has five chapters. The first reviews recent socio-economic developments and the second examines the state of capital flows, with particular emphasis on capital flight. The third reviews employment issues in the ESCWA region, while the fourth provides a synopsis of integrated social policies, which will be fully detailed in the forthcoming social policy report. The fifth details the nature and scope for rightsbased economic strategies in the ESCWA countries, focusing on employment generation programmes for the region.
Survey of Economic and Social Developments in the ESCWA Region: Summary - 2008 [English]. 2008
This summary shed lights over two major themes: first, the recent economic and social trends in the ESCWA region and second, the capital flows and development in this region.
Syria - Human Development Report 2000 [Arabic]. 2003
Syria - Human Development Report 2005 [Arabic]. 2005
This year's National Human Development Report - Education and Human Development: Towards Better Efficiency - focuses on the role of learning in the preparation of young Syrians for impending challenges. Reform of the educational system has been acknowledged as a key strategic initiative for equipping Syrian society with the skills needed to prosper within the framework of a knowledge-based society, characterized by a market economy, good governance, gender equality, human rights and the rule of law.
Syria - UNDP Poverty Report 2005 [English][Arabic]. 2005
Poverty in Syria: 1996-2004 - Diagnosis and Pro-Poor Policy Considerations. The study attempts to go beyond traditional poverty analyses, which focus solely on spending for basic social services, by identifying appropriate allocation of resources for economic services. In this vein, the study recommended three key sectors of expansion—agriculture, manufacturing, and tourism—aiming to diversify the economy and foster the needed equity-based growth.
The Impact of Corruption on Human Development in the Arab World [English]. 2003
This paper makes a number of observations and connections that provide good grounds for discussion and help set the course for further research and action toward fighting corruption and promoting human development in the Arab region.
The Political Economy Of Climate Change in the Arab Region [English][Arabic]. 2013
Tunisia - Human Development Report 2001 [French]. 2002
Health, Education & Employment.
Tunisia - UNDP Poverty Report 2000 [English]. 2000
Tunisia assessment: - Overcoming Human Poverty - Steady Progress against Poverty.
Turkmenistan - Human Security at Velayat (regional) Level . 2000
Two Degrees of Separation between Hope and Despair [English][French]. 2008
This publication "fighting climate change: human solidarity in a divided world" is entirely produced by young people between 16 and 25 years old. It is a young people's summary of stories, drawings, poems and testimonials from all over the world representing their vision on climate change and human development, along with their own proposals to reduce emissions and adapt to the progressive warming of the earth.
UNDP - Human Development in Central and Eastern Europe and the CIS 2004 [English]. 2004
HIV and Human Development in Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States Reversing the Epidemic - Facts and Policy Options. This report details the available data on HIV/AIDS in Central and Eastern Europe and the CIS. It explains the causes of the epidemic in this region and offers policy options to halt the spread of the disease.
UNDP - Human Development in South Asia 2002 [English]. 2002
Human Development in South Asia 2002 – Agriculture and Rural Development. This Report examines agriculture and its link to human development. It is about the livelihoods of the vast majority of South Asians, and how those livelihoods are being wiped out by the winds of change. It is about women in that region, and their daily struggle for survival in the face of declining income and opportunities.
UNDP - Human Development Report 1990 [English]. 1990
Concept and Measurement of Human Development. The Report addresses the issue of how economic growth translates - or fails to translate - into human development. The Report shifts the discussion of development to human development and proposed new composite index of the meaning and measurement of human development.
UNDP - Human Development Report 1991 [English]. 1991
Financing Human Development. The Report points to an enormous potential for restructuring of both national budgets and international aid allocations in favour of human development.
UNDP - Human Development Report 1992 [English]. 1992
Global Dimensions of Human Development. The Report suggests a number of measures to address the condition of poverty: investing in human development, strengthening national technological capacity, setting up a Development Security council within the United Nations, and convening a World Summit on Social Development.
UNDP - Human Development Report 1993 [English]. 1993
People's Participation. The Report examines how and how much people participate in the events and processes that shape their lives. It looks at three major means of peoples' participation: people-friendly markets, decentralized governance and community organizations, especially non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and suggests concrete policy measures to address the growing problems of jobless growth.
UNDP - Human Development Report 1994 [English]. 1994
New dimensions of human security. The Report introduces a new concept of human security that is equated with people rather than territories, with development rather than arms. The Report deals with these concerns through a new paradigm of sustainable human development.
UNDP - Human Development Report 1995 [English]. 1995
Gender and Human Development. Based on the principle that human development must be gender based, the Report analyses the progress made in reducing gender disparities in the past few decades, highlights the wide and persistent gap between women's expanding capabilities and limited opportunities, introduces two new measures for ranking countries on a global scale by their performance in gender equality, analyses the under- valuation and non-recognition of women's work and offers a five-point strategy for equalizing gender opportunities in the decade ahead.
UNDP - Human Development Report 1996 [English]. 1996
Economic Growth and Human Development. Based on the principle that the quality of growth is as important as its quantity for poverty reduction, human development and sustainability, the Report concludes that the links between economic growth and human development must be deliberately forged and regularly fortified by skillful and intelligent policy management.
UNDP - Human Development Report 1998 [English]. 1998
Consumption for Human Development. The high levels of consumption and production in the world today, the power and potential of technology and information, present great opportunities. After a century of vast material expansion, will leaders and people have the vision to seek and achieve more equitable and more human advance in the 21st century?
UNDP - Human Development Report 1999 [English][French]. 1999
Globalization with a Human Face. The Report argues that globalization is not new, but that the present era of globalization, driven by competitive global markets, is outpacing the governance of markets and the repercussions on people. Characterized by “shrinking space, shrinking time and disappearing borders”, globalization has swung open the door to opportunities. Breakthroughs in communications technologies and biotechnology, if directed for the needs of people, can bring advances for all of humankind.
UNDP - Human Development Report 2000 [English][French]. 2000
Human Rights and Human Development. This Report looks at human rights as an intrinsic part of development—and at development as a means to realizing human rights. It shows how human rights bring principles of accountability and social justice to the process of human development.
UNDP - Human Development Report 2001 [English][French]. 2001
Making New Technologies Work for Human Development. This report looks into how technology networks are transforming the traditional map of development, expanding people's horizons and creating the potential to realize sooner a progress that required generations in the past.
UNDP - Human Development Report 2002 [English][French]. 2002
Deepening Democracy in a Fragmented World. This report's message is that politics is as important to successful development as economics and that sustained poverty reduction requires equitable growth but it also requires that poor people have political power. The best way to achieve that in a manner consistent with human development objectives is by building strong and deep forms of democratic governance at all levels of society.
UNDP - Human Development Report 2003 [English][Arabic][French]. 2003
Millennium Development Goals: A Compact among Nations to End Human Poverty. This report discusses the range of human development in the world which is vast and uneven, with astounding progress in some areas amidst stagnation and dismal decline in others. Balance and stability in the world will require the commitment of all nations, rich and poor, and a global development compact to extend the wealth of possibilities to all people.
UNDP - Human Development Report 2004 [English][Arabic][French]. 2004
Cultural Liberty in Today’s Diverse World. This Report calls for policies that accommodate people’s demands for inclusion in their society, and that recognize differences, champion diversity and promote cultural freedoms.
UNDP - Human Development Report 2005 [English][Arabic][French]. 2005
International Cooperation at a Crossroads: Aid, Trade and Security in an Unequal World. This report takes stock of human development, including progress towards the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Looking beyond statistics; it highlights the human costs of missed targets and broken promises. Extreme inequality between countries and within countries is identified as one of the main barriers to human development—and as a powerful brake on accelerated progress towards the MDGs.
UNDP - Human Development Report 2006 [English][Arabic]. 2006
Beyond Scarcity: Power, Poverty and the Global Water Crisis - This Human Development Report continues to frame debates on some of the most pressing challenges facing humanity: the global water crisis. The report investigates the underlying causes and consequences of a crisis that leaves 1.2 billion people without access to safe water and 2.6 billion without access to sanitation and argues for a concerted drive to achieve water and sanitation for all through national strategies and a global plan of action.
UNDP - Human Development Report 2007/2008 [English][Arabic][French]. 2008
Fighting Climate Change: Human Solidarity in a divided World. This report was a combination of two years work about the most defining human development issue of our generation which is climate change. This report contains four chapters that tackle all climate change aspects with its reasons and recommendations.
UNDP - Human Development Report 2009 [English][Arabic][French]. 2009
Overcoming barriers: Human mobility and development. The starting point of this report is that the global distribution of capabilities is extraordinarily unequal, and that this is a major driver for movement of people. This report investigates migration in the context of demographic changes and trends in both growth and inequality. It also presents more detailed and nuanced individual, family and village experiences, and explores less visible movements typically pursued by disadvantaged groups such as short term and seasonal migration.
UNDP - Human Development Report 2010 - 20th Anniversary Edition [English][Arabic][French]. 2010
The Real Wealth of Nations: Pathways to Human Development. This Report continues the tradition of pushing the frontiers of development thinking. The Report looks back rigorously at the past several decades and identifies often surprising trends and patterns with important lessons for the future. By looking beyond 2010, this Report surveys critical aspects of human development, from political freedoms and empowerment to sustainability and human security, and outlines a broader agenda for research and policies to respond to these challenges.
UNDP - Pacific Human Development Report 1999 - Creating Opportunities [English]. 1999
This is the second Pacific Human Development Report that analyses the human development Status of the fifteen developing island countries. In addition to that, the report tackles the issues of poverty in this region and emphasis on the need to develop “job-rich” economies with government attentions to ensure that people can have sustainable livelihoods.
UNDP - Regional Human Development Report - Europe and CIS 2003 [English]. 2003
Avoiding the Dependency Trap the Roma Human Development Report. This report is about the challenges of the Roma minority that are well known as: overcoming poverty, improving access to education and developing marketable skills.
UNDP - Regional Human Development Report - Europe and CIS 2005 [English]. 2005
At Risk: Roma and the Displaced in Southeast Europe. This publication addresses the needs of vulnerable communities that is critical important for maintaining social cohesion in Southeast Europe.
UNDP - Regional Human Development Report - Southern African Development Community [English]. 1998
The report provides vital information on the region’s performance in trying to improve the quality of life for the people of the region. It shows that, although still being in difficult economic condition, most of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) countries have started reaping the fruits of economic reforms. However, the impact of these reforms has not yet reaches the majority of the people. The regional integration strategy of SADC, therefore needs to be implemented with vigor to ensure sustained improvement in the human development index of the region.
UNDP - Regional Human Development Report 2003 [English]. 2003
HIV/ AIDS and Development in South Asia 2003. This report examines the complex interplay between disease and deprivation in a scenario where major successes in human development are undermined by persistent challenges. The Report brings together for the first time an analysis of HIV and human development under a common lens in South Asia.
UNDP Policy on Collaboration with Civil Society: Building Partnerships for Sustainable Human Development [English][French]. 1997
The United Nations Development Programme - Civil Society Organizations and Participation Program (UNDP-CSOPP) Policy and procedures documents about UNDP's collaboration with civil society organizations in the framework of sustainable development.
United Arab Emirates - Human Development Report 1997 [Arabic]. 1997
Yemen - Human Development Report 1998 [English]. 1998
General Human Development Report focusing on assessment of Human Development Conditions. This report deals with several issues relating to human development in Yemen from the situation and the dynamics of population growth, the labour market, the trends and challenges of economic growth, rationalization of public expenditure, and policies to combat poverty. The report also analyses the educational, health and environmental situation and highlights the topic of civil society and its transformation.
Yemen - Human Development Report 2001 [English]. 2001
The second human development report deals with the civil society as a specific theme since it overlaps with most dimensions of human development. Civil society is indeed considered one of the indications that denote democratic transformation and the renewal of economic polices towards the market system and the adoption of partnership in development between the state, the civil society and the private sector. The civil society also reflects the mobility of the society in the context of a societal and economic reality that is changing and requires the concerted efforts of individuals within the popular institutional frameworks as counterparts to those made by governmental institutions.

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