A Profile of Poverty in Egypt: 1997 [English]. 1998
The report presents a profile of poverty in Egypt for 1997. It assesses the magnitude of poverty and its distribution across geographic and socioeconomic groups, provides information on the characteristics of the poor, illustrates the heterogeneity among the poor, and helps identify empirical correlates of poverty.
Algeria - Human Development Report 1998 [English]. 1998
Poverty and Employment.
Combating Poverty [English][Arabic][French]. 1997
Overall progress achieved since the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development Report of the Secretary-General.
Corruption and Development [English][Arabic]. 2008
This primer explores the theoretical and empirical relationship between corruption and the various aspects of development including economic growth, poverty, human rights, gender, governance, human development, and environment and sustainable development. It recommends ways in which UNDP could integrate anti-corruption principles and strategies with its technical assistance to effectively implement anti-corruption interventions to reduce poverty, realize the Millennium Development Goals and promote sustainable development. This primer complements the practice note "Mainstreaming Anti-Corruption in Development" by extending concepts and programming guidelines.
Creating Value for All: Strategies for Doing Business with the Poor [English][French]. 2008
Growing Inclusive Markets offers a series of global, regional and national reports developed in collaboration with UNDP's global network of Country Offices to provide deep analysis on low-income markets, their inclusiveness and local specificities in terms of business opportunities, market constraints and solution approaches.
Disempowering New Democracies and the Persistence of Poverty [English]. 2006
The paper considers two processes taking place simultaneously in developing countries: the adoption of orthodox economic policies during a period of growing awareness of the pervasiveness and persistence of poverty, on the one hand, and the growing political empowerment of the majority of the population through processes of democratization, on the other hand.
Djibouti – Human Development Report 2007 [French]. 2007
"Adequation, Training and Employment: Dimension for Human Development" Djibouti's third national Human Development Report tackles the issues of training and employments that are in the core of the human development objective and the MDG goals. This report contributes in improvement national development strategies of employment that will guide government efforts with all its partners for essential human satisfactions with a better life.
Economic Growth, Employment and Poverty in the Middle East and North Africa [English]. 2008
This is the Working Paper No. 460 of the Institute of Social Studies. The paper provides an assessment of economic growth, employment and poverty reduction in the Arab MENA region.
Egypt - Human Development Report 1997 - 1998 [English]. 1997
The fourth annual report 1997-1998 probes into one of the major issues: namely how to achieve a balanced human development. The report analyzes the inter and intra sector allocation of budget resources. It also examines household spending on social services and draws detailed data of the government budget and special field survey of household patterns of social expenditure.
Egypt- Human Development Report 1996 [English]. 1996
The report is largely concerned with the problem of poverty and income distribution. The authors analyze the human development process in Egypt by considering the impact of different reform policies on socio-economic variables with a focus on the Economic Reform and Structural Adjustment Program (ERSAP). In addition, the report describes the specially tailored Semi-Participatory Assessment Survey (SPAS), which focused on exploring people's perceptions regarding living conditions, as well as attempting to understand their behavior and attitudes. The report finds that poverty changes in Egypt are highly sensitive to economic growth. Economic growth would enlarge the opportunities for the poor to enjoy the benefits of increases in output. Hence, the report concludes, poverty reduction requires enhanced growth.
Eliminating World Poverty: a Challenge for the 21st Century [English]. 1997
The 1997 policy report or White Paper, which outline the UK government's commitment and policies related to development in general including the elimination of world poverty, good governance and human rights.
Eliminating World Poverty: Making Globalization Work for the Poor [English]. 2000
A revised version of the DFID 1997 White Paper policy report, which outlines of the UK government's commitment and policies related to development especially the elimination of world poverty and ways of making globalization benefit the poorest people in the world.
Failing Women, Sustaining Poverty: Gender in Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers [English]. 2003
This report of the UK Gender and Development Network explores how the Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) of four countries - Tanzania, Bolivia, Malawi and Yemen - dealt with gender issues.
Fiscal Decentralization and Poverty Reduction [English]. 2005
This paper provides an introduction to the main principles of fiscal decentralization, to examine linkages between poverty reduction and fiscal decentralization, to briefly describe major comparative experiences, and to clarify United Nations De
Gender, Governance and the ‘Feminisation of Poverty’ [English]. 1999
This paper summarizes thinking on the theoretical and empirical relationships between gender inequality and poverty, including reflection on how these relationships have been articulated in development policy discourse.
Global Campaign on Urban Governance - 4th International Forum on Urban Poverty [English]. 2001
This is the synthesis report of the workshops from the 4th International Forum on Urban Poverty, 16-19 October 2001, Marrakech, Morocco.
Global Hunger Index 2009 [English]. 2009
The 2009 index shows that worldwide progress in reducing hunger remains slow.
Globalization, Skilled Migration and Poverty Alleviation: Brain Drains in Context [English]. 2005
This paper reviews the data available for the analysis of skilled migration and identifies the main global trends. It examines the case for a two-tiered health training system, one for global markets and the other for local markets.
Good Enough Governance: Poverty Reduction and Reform in Developing Countries [English]. 2005
A discussion of the governance imperative or “good enough governance,” of minimally acceptable government performance and civil society engagement that does not hinder economic and political development and permits poverty reduction initiatives to go forward.
Growth, Governance and Poverty: A Cross-Country Analysis [English]. 2001
The study focuses on the interface between economic growth and the institutions of governance related to poverty alleviation. The study was presented at Conference on Growth and Poverty held in May 2001, sponsored by the United Nations University and the World Institute for Development Economics Research Development.
Handbook on Parliamentarians and Policies to Reduce Poverty [English].
This handbook, published by the World Bank Institute in collaboration with the Parliamentary Centre, examines the interplay between governance challenge, and the policy efforts being made to highlight action against poverty. It considers the most basic steps in poverty reduction strategies as well as the role of parliament in supporting poverty reduction via budget cycle. It also focuses on broader accountability of the executive and examines the constituency side of the parliamentarian's job. Finally, it discusses parliamentary capacity building to work against poverty.
Highly Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative: A Human Rights Assessment of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers [English][Arabic][French]. 2001
This report indicates that governments are expected to show clearly the links between macroeconomic policies and agreed international social development goals to be reached by 2015.
How Does Poverty Affect Migration Choice? A Review of Literature [English]. 2003
The literature review aims to examine the links between poverty and migration. It investigates poverty and vulnerability as determinants of migration.
Impact of Decentralization, in its Different Types, on Poverty Reduction [English]. 2000
Von Braun, Joach and Grote, Center for Development Research (ZEF-Bonn) University of Bonn, Ulrike, Does Decentralization Serve the Poor? November, 2000. The Lecture was given during the IMF conference on Fiscal Decentralization, held on the 20-21 November, 2000. The paper contains references to Egypt.
International Monetary Fund - Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper [English]. 2004
The paper is structured around a long-term vision that builds on the country’s strategic strengths, its geographic location and its port. The paper seeks to develop human resources and to ensure that competitiveness is radically improved to enable the country to be integrated into the world economy.
Investigating the links between Access to Justice and Governance Factors [English]. 2001
The paper applies an objective indicators’ approach to identify the links between access to justice and poverty and the governance-related factors blocking the access to justice among the poorest segments of the population by using case study analysis. The paper is part of a five-country study.
Jordan - Human Development Report 2004 [English][Arabic]. 2004
Building sustainable livelihoods, is Jordan’s second National Human Development Report. The report places the discussion of poverty and the poor at the centre of analysis and attempts to capture the diverse and dynamic characteristics of poverty through the eyes of the poor themselves. The theme of that report is that human development gains achieved at the macro-level in Jordan have yet to trickle down to many sub-groups among the poor. The report provides detailed recommendations to accelerate this process and to enhance positive outcomes for the poor.
Macroeconomic Policies for Growth, Employment and Poverty Reduction in Yemen [English]. 2005
Mauritania - National Report on Sustainable Human Developmen and Poverty 2005 [Arabic][French]. 2005
Mauritania - UNDP Poverty Report 2000 [English]. 2000
Mauritania Assessment: Overcoming Human Poverty - Promoting Local Participation.
Mauritania: First Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility [English]. 2007
This is the First Review of the three-year Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility Program. It discusses the recent developments and performance under the Program, as well as the staff appraisal.
Measuring Democratic Governance: A Framework for Selecting Pro-Poor and Gender Sensitive Indicators [English]. 2006
The Guide provides a framework for pro-poor gender sensitive indicators to assist policy-makers monitor and evaluate democratic governance at the country level.
Morocco - Human Development Report 1998-1999 [French]. 1999
The purpose of this report, Human Development Achievements in Rural Areas, is to show the strengths and weaknesses of efforts made in the human development process in Morocco. It demonstrates the delay of development in rural areas draws lessons and makes recommendations for accelerating this rural development.
Morocco - UNDP Poverty Report 2000 [English]. 2000
Morocco assessment: Overcoming Human Poverty: Regional Targeting for Poverty Reduction.
Poverty Alleviation System, the Role of NGOs and the Issues of Partnership: the Case of Yemen [English].
By Blandine Destremau.
Poverty and Economic Growth, 1995-2000 [English]. 2003
This paper offers the first analysis of the evolution of poverty in Egypt in late 1990s, and addresses the methodological problems in relation to economies of scale and regional differences and provides an example of a methodology that can be useful for similar work in other countries.
Poverty and Exclusion among Urban Children [English][Arabic]. 2003
This digest highlights the chronic poverty and marginalization that children in urban cities face. It provides examples that show that problems in urban areas are not insurmountable and, with good local governance, cities can become ‘child-friendly’, translating at the municipal level international commitments to ensure the universal realization of children’s rights.
Poverty in the Arab Region: A Selective Review [English]. 2003
The paper provides a stock taking of our current knowledge on poverty in five Arab countries: Egypt, Jordan, Morocco and Tunisia, representing middle income countries; and Yemen, representing low income countries. It draws on the most recent results on poverty based on high quality data.
Poverty lines in Greater Cairo underestimating and misrepresenting poverty [English]. 2009
This paper engages with the global debate about the validity and reliability of using the poverty lines approach [set at some particular income level for instance US$1 per person per day] in relation to the reality of the lives of the urban poor in Greater Cairo. It reviews the accuracy of Egypt’s various poverty lines, and the data which inform them, and then questions their validity in relation to the real costs of basic food and non-food needs in eight of Greater Cairo's informal areas in 2008.
Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper [English]. 2000
This paper provides an analysis of the poverty situation in Mauritania. It also presents the poverty alleviation strategy for the long term and for the period up to 2004 and covers monitoring strategies and the ways in which the document will be updated.
Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers in Africa: Parliaments and Economic Policy Performance [English]. 2005
The report, prepared by the Parliamentary Centre, highlights very critical issues that are central to the success of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSP) implementation and focuses on the role that Parliaments and civil society groups can play in ensuring greater accountability in PRSP implementation. This review was conducted in four PRSP countries (Ghana, Niger, Tanzania and Malawi) in order to examine the strengths as well as weaknesses so far in the implementation of national PRSPs, and to identify the possible roles that parliaments can play to improve PRSP performance.
Poverty Spread and its Effects on Women in the Arab World [Arabic]. 2005
Poverty, Growth and Income Distribution in Lebanon [English]. 2008
Country Study by Heba Laithy, Khalid Abu-Ismail and Kamal Hamdan and published by the International Poverty Center, No. 13, 2008. The study provides an overview of the characteristics of the poor and estimates the extent of poverty and the degree of inequality in the country. It finds that nearly 28 per cent of the Lebanese population can be considered poor and eight per cent can be considered extremely poor.
Progress of the World's Women 2005: Women, Work and Poverty [English]. 2005
This report describes how governments, the United Nations, Non-Governmental Organizations, partners and socially responsible corporations can work together to ensure that informal workers, especially women, receive an equitable return for their labour.
Strengthening Parliament Involvement in the Poverty Reduction Strategy Process and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) - Toolkit 1 [English]. 2004
"Legislative-Executive Communication on Poverty Reduction Strategies" - The handbook emerged from pilot activities, designed by UNDP in partnership with NDI, to strengthen the capacity of legislatures and civil society to participate in the Poverty Reduction Strategy Process (PRSP). This toolkit is intended to provide resources for different stakeholders on legislative involvement in poverty reduction. Some of the topics discussed are: legislative-executive communication on poverty reductions strategies; challenges to smooth legislative - executive communication; cultivating awareness of MDGs and clarifying the PRSP process; information categories and legislative resources on poverty; the communication tools for parliamentary committees; communication tools for the individual MP or party caucus; and media and technology as tools to improve communication.
Strengthening Parliament Involvement in the Poverty Reduction Strategy Process and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) - Toolkit 2 [English][French]. 2004
"Parliamentary-Civic Collaboration for Monitoring Poverty Reduction Initiatives" The handbook emerged from pilot activities, designed by UNDP in partnership with NDI, to strengthen the capacity of legislatures and civil society to participate in the Poverty Reduction Strategy Process (PRSP). It is intended to provide resources for concerned stakeholders on legislative involvement in poverty reduction. The toolkit sheds light on global initiatives for poverty reduction; assessing the potential for collaboration and identifying partners; building legislative-civic relationships; creating and maintaining monitoring strategies; maintaining a positive relationship through the monitoring process; and the use of monitoring findings.
Strengthening Parliament Involvement in the Poverty Reduction Strategy Process and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Toolkit 3: Legislative Public Outreach on Poverty Issues [English][French]. 2004
The handbook emerged from pilot activities, designed by UNDP in partnership with NDI, to strengthen the capacity of legislatures and civil society to participate in the Poverty Reduction Strategy Process (PRSP). It is intended to provide resources for MPs, parliamentary staff, civic leaders, social networks and the international community on legislative involvement in poverty reduction. It sheds light on legislative public outreach on poverty issues through discussing the relation between poverty, national reforms and constituents; the reasons for conducting a legislative public outreach on poverty; strategies for pro-poor public outreach; institutional public outreach; outreach by committees; outreach by parliamentary party groups; individual efforts to communicate with constituents.
Strengthening the Employment Impact of an MDG-Based Development Strategy for Yemen [English]. 2006
Country Study by Terry McKinley and Farhad Mehran published by the International Poverty Center, No. 4, 2006. The study seeks to identify employment policies for Yemen that would support an ambitious MDF-based development strategy.
Sudan Food Security Outlook [English]. 2010
Food Security Outlook report from the Famine Early Warning Systems Network.
Syria - UNDP Poverty Report 2005 [English][Arabic]. 2005
Poverty in Syria: 1996-2004 - Diagnosis and Pro-Poor Policy Considerations. The study attempts to go beyond traditional poverty analyses, which focus solely on spending for basic social services, by identifying appropriate allocation of resources for economic services. In this vein, the study recommended three key sectors of expansion—agriculture, manufacturing, and tourism—aiming to diversify the economy and foster the needed equity-based growth.
The Application of a Human Rights-Based Approach to Development Programming: What is the Added Value? [English]. 2000
This report highlights effective governance as the "missing link" between national anti-poverty efforts and poverty reduction, and stresses the need to support communities to organise themselves to advance their interests.
The Gender Dimensions of Poverty in Egypt [English]. 2001
This study presents a picture of the extent of poverty at all levels of analysis and derives poverty measures for male and female-headed households and for males and females in poor households. It also investigates the characteristics of males and females in poor households in terms of their education, employment, child labor, and other characteristics.
The State of Food Insecurity in the World 1999 - when people must live with hunger and fear starvation [English][French]. 1999
This is the first edition of The State of Food Insecurity in the World. It provides the latest estimates of the number of chronically hungry people in the developing world and introduces the first comparable estimates ever made of the number of people who go hungry in the industrialized countries and countries in transition.
The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2000 - when people live with hunger and fear starvation [English][Arabic][French]. 2000
The report, updates last year's estimate of the prevalence of chronically undernourished people in developing countries and adds prevalence estimates for countries in transition. It illustrates cases of food insecurity through an examination of sample diets and the ongoing research into the causes of vulnerability in different livelihood groups. And explores two diverse examples of how progress can be made in reducing food insecurity.
The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2002 - when people live with hunger and fear starvation [English][Arabic][French]. 2002
The report is divided into four main sections. The first section, Undernourishment around the world, analyses the latest data on hunger. Other articles combine this data with other indicators to chart the fatal connection between hunger and mortality and the strategic connection between combating hunger and achieving the Millennium Development Goals. The second section contains a special feature on mountain people and mountain environments. This presents preliminary results from a multidisciplinary study carried out as part of FAO's contribution to the International Year of Mountains. The study used newly available geo-referenced data to estimate the number of mountain people vulnerable to food insecurity. In the third section, Towards the Summit commitments, a series of articles discusses approaches to fulfilling the commitments in the World Food Summit Plan of Action.
The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2003 - monitoring progress towards the World Food Summit and Millennium Development Goals [English][Arabic][French]. 2003
The report is divided into four main sections. The first, Undernourishment around the world, analyses the latest data on hunger. The second contains a special feature on international trade. The third, Towards the Summit commitments, discusses approaches to fulfilling the commitments in the WFS Plan of Action. Finally, tables provide detailed indicators for developing countries and countries in transition.
The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2004 - monitoring progress towards the World Food Summit and Millennium Development Goals [English][Arabic][French]. 2004
The report presents the latest estimates of the number of undernourished people along with preliminary calculations of the heavy economic burden imposed by hunger and malnutrition. It focuses on the impact that the rapid growth of cities and incomes in developing countries has had on hunger and food security.
The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2005 - Eradicating world hunger - key to achieving the Millennium Development Goals [English][Arabic][French]. 2005
The first section of the report analyzes long-term trends in reducing undernourishment and explores the impact of economic growth, governance and natural disasters. The second section examines each of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) separately, highlighting ways that hunger holds back development and hunger reduction could accelerate progress.
The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2006 - Eradicating world hunger - taking stock ten years after the World Food Summit [English][Arabic][French]. 2006
The first section of the report, Undernourishment around the world, reviews trends in hunger at the global, regional and sub-regional levels. It also presents FAO's most recent projections of undernourishment in 2015. The second section, Undernourishment in the regions, reviews the food security situation in each of the major developing regions and the transition countries. The third section, Towards the Summit commitments, summarizes lessons from past experience in hunger reduction and presents FAO's current thinking on how to accelerate progress towards meeting the World Food Summit target.
The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2008 - High food prices and food security – threats and opportunities [English][Arabic][French]. 2008
The report focuses on high food prices, which are having a serious impact on the poorest populations in the world, drastically reducing their already low purchasing power. High food prices have increased levels of food deprivation, while placing tremendous pressure on achieving internationally agreed goals on hunger by 2015. This report also examines how high food prices present an opportunity to relaunch smallholder agriculture in the developing world.
The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2009 - Economic crises – impacts and lessons learned [English][Arabic][French]. 2009
This report highlights the fact that, even before the food crisis and the economic crisis, the number of hungry people had been increasing slowly but steadily. With the onset of these crises, however, the number of hungry people in the world increased sharply
Tunisia - UNDP Poverty Report 2000 [English]. 2000
Tunisia assessment: - Overcoming Human Poverty - Steady Progress against Poverty.
UNDP - Annual Report 2001 - Partnerships to Fight Poverty [English][Arabic]. 2001
The world leaders who gathered in New York last year put the issue of development firmly at the top of the global and committed to more inclusive globalization and endorsed a clear set of targets to measure and bench-mark progress in addressing poverty, disease, hunger, and other key development challenges known as the United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)
UNDP - Annual Report 2005 - A Time for Bold Ambition - Together We Can Cut Poverty in Half [English][French]. 2005
UNDP's 2005 Annual Report chronicles UNDP’s work to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in developing capacity, sharing knowledge, working in partnerships and advocating the case for change.
UNDP - Human Development and Poverty in the Arab States 2003 [English]. 2003
UNDP - Human Development in South Asia 2003 [English]. 2003
Human Development in South Asia 2003 - The Employment Challenge. This report is about the challenge of livelihoods in South Asia. It tackles the issue of employment, unemployment, underemployment, and all forms of forced labor and child labor in that region.
UNDP - Human Development Report 1996 [English]. 1996
Economic Growth and Human Development. Based on the principle that the quality of growth is as important as its quantity for poverty reduction, human development and sustainability, the Report concludes that the links between economic growth and human development must be deliberately forged and regularly fortified by skillful and intelligent policy management.
UNDP - Human Development Report 2005 [English][Arabic][French]. 2005
International Cooperation at a Crossroads: Aid, Trade and Security in an Unequal World. This report takes stock of human development, including progress towards the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Looking beyond statistics; it highlights the human costs of missed targets and broken promises. Extreme inequality between countries and within countries is identified as one of the main barriers to human development—and as a powerful brake on accelerated progress towards the MDGs.
UNDP - Poverty Report 2000 [English][Arabic]. 2000
Overcoming Human Poverty. The report makes a special effort to assess a broad range of national poverty programmes - to find out what is working and what is not, and to draw out some general lessons for better policies. Human poverty is, after all, a multidimensional problem, cutting across the sectoral responsibilities of government departments.
UNDP - Regional Human Development Report - Europe and CIS 2003 [English]. 2003
Avoiding the Dependency Trap the Roma Human Development Report. This report is about the challenges of the Roma minority that are well known as: overcoming poverty, improving access to education and developing marketable skills.
UNDP Practice Note - Poverty Reduction and Human Rights [English]. 2003
This Practice Note outlines a framework for human rights integration in poverty reduction and provides practical steps to guide UNDP programming. The framework is purposely kept generic, as it should be applicable to a range of country situations and programming modalities; whether the focus is on macroeconomics, trade policies, micro-finance, reporting on the Millennium Development Goals, or livelihood skills.
What's Behind the Budget? Politics, Rights and Accountability in the Budget Process [English]. 2002
The purpose of the paper is to contribute to the evolving understanding of public expenditure management as a political, rather than a purely technical, process. The paper identifies issues, partners, tool and methods that may help development actors to support citizen accountability and a pro-poor, gender-equitable, focus in public expenditure management.
Women Living in the Slums of Reality and the Strains of the Future [Arabic]. 2005
Yemen - Human Development Report 1998 [English]. 1998
General Human Development Report focusing on assessment of Human Development Conditions. This report deals with several issues relating to human development in Yemen from the situation and the dynamics of population growth, the labour market, the trends and challenges of economic growth, rationalization of public expenditure, and policies to combat poverty. The report also analyses the educational, health and environmental situation and highlights the topic of civil society and its transformation.

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